Non-verbal IQ Subtests Within the Leiter Assessment

The Leiter International Performance Scale (Leiter) was first published in 1940. It is a non-verbal intelligence test used widely among those who are hard of hearing, deaf, autistic, mentally handicapped, brain injured, intellectually superior, ESL, motor-involved, or have a speed and language deficit.

The Leiter can be used with cross-cultural applicability. While the original assessment was published for ages two through eighteen years, the revisions include expanded ages up to seventy-five years. It is widely recognized as one of the most highly rated nonverbal cognitive assessments.

The Leiter assessment is operational and empirical. It is not theoretical, and it has the ability to perform nonverbal mental manipulations that are very complex and related to conceptualization, visualization, and inductive reasoning.

The administration of the Leiter-3 is easy and doesn’t require speaking from either party nor does it require reading or writing from the examinee. It is engaging and has a series of game-like tasks that help to engage the examinee. The scoring is quick and objective, so the assessment is efficient.

Contents of the Leiter Assessment

The assessment includes nonverbal problem solving, spatial perception, classification of visual stimuli, attention to visual detail, and the relationships between and among these stimuli. Memory and attention are not directly assessed, but to some extent, they act substrates that provide a foundation for test-taking performance.

The Leiter assessment includes four subtests, all of which are required to calculate a nonverbal IQ. The fifth subtest may be used as a substitute in the event one of the other four are spoiled.  Two of the subtests calculate nonverbal memory, two calculate processing speed, and there is one nonverbal neuropsychological screener.

Subtest 1 – Figure Ground

The first subtest is similar to a visual recognition task in which the participant must use their short-term memory to scan a larger image for the smaller image embedded within it. It requires freedom from distractibility, cognitive flexibility, and an effective search strategy.

This subtest measures visual interference, involving visual recognition tasks that are compounded by distractions. To perform well, the individual needs visual closure and the ability to shift their attention between a discreet figure and a complex background.

Good inhibition prevents the individual from randomly pointing to a similar shape instead of focusing on the detail in the figures.  This subtest can help make qualitative clinical observations of a process like perceptual bias to one side of the page, misidentification of objects, perseveration, and noting only the most prominent objects.

Subtest 2 – Form Completion

The second subtest requires the individual to organize a series of disarranged or fragmented pieces. It demands flexibility so the individual can refer back and forth to different parts of the whole and arrive at a solution. This process is mostly deductive.

An individual’s working memory permits them to hold both the stimuli and possible responses in their mind simultaneously as the images are constructed and deconstructed. Harder items also have an underlying mental rotation component, and the entire subtest requires perceptual scanning, recognition, and perceiving fragmented percepts as a whole.

The Leiter Assessment is intended to assist in measuring the intelligence of someone who is largely nonverbal due to a variety of reasons. To purchase materials or for more information on the (Leiter-3) Leiter International Performance Scale, Third Edition, its components, or how it is scored, visit WPS Publish.…

Simple Strategies When It Comes To Homeschooling Your Kids

Simple Strategies When It Comes To Homeschooling Your Kids

Are you tired of all the problems that are associated with your kids going to public school? It’s not just you. Unfortunately, many public school today are not the best place for many children. If you’ve thought about homeschooling, there are things that you must know. Use this article as your homeschooling guide.

Set up outings with other nearby homeschooling families. That is fun, and your kids can socialize with other children in similar situations. If your destination offers discounted group rates, that’s even better.

The main advantage of homeschooling your child is your ability to adapt your methods to the personality of your child. If your child learns best by seeing things visually, you can design your curriculum to incorporate this as much as possible. This will increase your child’s educational attainment.

Learn all you can through seminars before you begin. Your teacher duties may overwhelm you. Seminars and classes can help you find the guidance and inspiration you need for nearly every part of your homeschooling experience. Plan on attending classes regularly to stay up to date with new strategies and meet new parents.

Don’t forget to use art in your lesson plans, even when you’re not teaching art itself. Making craft representations of the subjects of lessons is a great way to learn. Don’t limit yourself to one medium. Let your children build, sing or whatever they are inclined to do. By forcing them to think about a topic in new ways, you will ensure that they are learning to the fullest extent possible.

Ensure that your child is able to study and learn in a spot that has limited distractions. Find a place that is not near a play area. Should this area not offer storage, procure a box or cabinet to store school supplies and materials.

Are you interested in homeschooling multiple children? Before you do this, you must take the time to look at how you utilize discipline in your house. If you don’t have rules in place already, you’ll have chaos. Making sure your children understand your rules of discipline will help them become successful in learning.

Try not to become a hermit. Build a network of homeschooling families that you and your child can utilize. Build your network by checking out local support groups, meeting with other parents and participating in online discussion forums. A strong network of homeschoolers will give you access to different perspectives, styles, and insights to make you the most effective homeschooler for your child.

Utilize the unit study approach to ensure the child learns everything there is to offer. When teaching this way, you pick one topic and focus on it. You can really learn all about it this way. You could have a six-week study in classical music, for example. Once you have studied music in the class, schedule a fired trip to a musical performance to experience the joys of music. Your child will fully appreciate music once they can not only hear but see the musicians and what they do to make such beautiful music.

In conclusion, some parents feel that their kids are not getting a great education through public school. Because of this reason alone, homeschooling has become the better choice for some parents. These tips will help you approach homeschooling efficiently and adapt it to your children.…

Great Homeschooling Tips That Have Been Proven To Work!

Great Homeschooling Tips That Have Been Proven To Work!

Homeschooling is not as tough as some think it is, and it is something you can handle if you learn what you need to about it. Homeschooling is the best way to give your child an excellent education while making sure they are safe. The following article contains helpful advice you can use when you teach your children yourself.

If you have a new baby or toddler, homeschooling your older child can be a challenge. The key here is to set aside specific times in the day to address the needs of each child. Find activities which are age-appropriate for both children. Utilize all opportunities to engage the kids together while fostering strong bonds and personal development.

Make sure your child is constantly learning. The world can be viewed as a classroom if you know how to make those connections. Correct any grammatical errors they may be making. Let them help prepare meals and learn measurements and how to convert units of measurement. They should learn at a fast pace and will make you feel very proud.

Network with homeschooling families nearby to plan excursions. This allows your kids to socialize while learning. It’s also a great way to cut back on expenses since group rates are always much cheaper.

Figure out what part of the house will be used for schooling. Try to make it an area where the children will feel comfortable learning and not get distracted. Make sure it has room for moving around (for building and even dancing), as well as locations for writing and even quizzes. You should be able to see your children from all areas of the room, also.

Do you plan to teach multiple kids at home? Take an assessment of your current disciplinary methods. Without a clear set of rules and expectations, it will be difficult to keep everyone in line and continue moving forward. This means figuring out how to improve your disciplinary techniques without being a dictator.

Don’t allow the homeschool process to isolate you. It is essential to network with other homeschooling families. Build the network with local support groups and meeting other parents or using online forums. A group like this can make you a happier and more effective homeschooler.

Write out your reasons for wanting homeschooling for your kids. This will help you to communicate your reasons for homeschooling with your spouse and others. Be aware of what you can do and then you can tell people about why you are homeschooling. You will be able to reach your goals easier.

Your family must stay strong while you home school. Make sure you don’t overlook your spouse because of your hectic school schedule. Parents are also going to need some time away from the kids. Some togetherness can really help.

Now that you have more information about home schooling, you should be more confident about actually doing it. Your kids will have a richer education if you are their caring teacher. Take this advice and turn it into a wonderful learning experience for your whole family. Your kids are counting on you.…

Getting A Leg Up: Student Loans Tips

Getting A Leg Up: Student Loans Tips

The cost of college makes it difficult for many students to attend; student loans help with that. While they can be beneficial, there are also challenges involved. The tips here will ensure you have a bright educational future.

Try getting your student loans paid off in a 10-year period. This is the traditional repayment period that you should be able to achieve after graduation. If you struggle with payments, there are 20 and 30-year repayment periods. The drawback to these is that they will make you pay more in interest.

To use your student loan money wisely, shop at the grocery store instead of eating a lot of your meals out. Every dollar counts when you are taking out loans, and the more you can pay of your own tuition, the less interest you will have to pay back later. Saving money on lifestyle choices means smaller loans each semester.

Take advantage of student loan repayment calculators to test different payment amounts and plans. Plug in this data to your monthly budget and see which seems most doable. Which option gives you room to save for emergencies? Are there any options that leave no room for error? When there is a threat of defaulting on your loans, it’s always best to err on the side of caution.

The Perkins and Stafford loans are the most helpful federal loans. These two are considered the safest and most affordable. They are a great deal because the government pays the interest on them during the entirety of your education. A typical interest rate on Perkins loans is 5 percent. On subsidized Stafford loans it is fixed at a rate no greater than 6.8%.

If you don’t have good credit, and you are applying for a student loan from a private lender, you will need a co-signer. You must pay them back! If you do not, you are affecting the credit of the person who went to bat for you.

To bring in the greatest returns on your student loan, get the most out of each day at school. Instead of sleeping in until a few minutes before class, and then running to class with your binder and notebook flying, wake up earlier to get yourself organized. You’ll get better grades and make a good impression.

To get a better interest rate on your student loan, go through the federal government instead of a bank. The rates will be lower, and the repayment terms can also be more flexible. That way, if you don’t have a job right after graduation, you can negotiate a more flexible schedule.

School

Before applying for student loans, it is a good idea to see what other types of financial aid you are qualified for. There are many scholarships available out there and they can reduce the amount of money you have to pay for school. Once you have the amount you owe reduced, you can work on getting a student loan.

Student loans are the only way that some students are able to attend college. However, if you do not understand how best to use these loans, you can get in trouble quite easily. Use the material presented here so you’re able to stay on track.…

Go To College And Get A Great Education

Go To College And Get A Great Education

It is difficult to overstate the potential benefits of pursuing a college education. The heightened lifetime earning potential, intellectual stimulation and social interaction higher education can provide are all worthwhile results of gaining a degree. Read on for tips that can help you make the best decision.

It is important that you map out your first day at school before your actual first day. Determine the amount of time you need to travel from class to class, and plan accordingly. You can also find libraries or cafes on your route to study or eat lunch at if you have time.

Before you embark on a college search, determine the type of career you desire. This will guarantee the courses needed for the degree you want to get are offered by the college. Talk with the admissions director to ensure the courses you need are available.

Eat a healthy breakfast before taking a test. Even something small like a yogurt or apple can help. Your stomach can be distracting when testing. If you are not energized and are feeling hungry, you may not do as well on the test.

Try to fulfill no less than one general requirement class during the initial semester. If you are aware of a class that you must take in order to graduate, then try getting it done early so you can be done with it and move on to your core classes. Who wants to be the lone senior in a basic class overrun by freshmen?

Ride the bus to class. Taking the bus to school is quick, easy and free in most college towns. This will also save you the hassle of having to find a non existent parking spot in the full campus lot. In addition, you’ll save money on gas and parking permits. It is also a way for you to “go green.”

Try registering for classes that you are interested in instead of opting for “easy” classes. Putting yourself to the test can be fulfilling indeed. You are sure to gain more knowledge from tough courses, and you might make connections that will benefit you later on.

When at college, you cannot rely on your past high school achievements to get you through. College is so much different. You might find yourself struggling in college, and you didn’t in high school. Remember that college is an entirely different experience than high school. Be prepared to try new things and experiences.

Prepare to get registered for your classes as soon as you can to ensure that you get the courses that you need. Classes can fill up faster than you think, and you may miss out and be forced to wait another semester to get the ones you need. If you are interested in a class, make sure to register for it early in the process.

There are many advantages to going to college. College interests many people, but the path isn’t easy or always clear. If you keep in mind the advice here, you can make better choices in regards to the college that you will attend, your major, and how to cover your college expenses.…

Triumph Over Homeschooling Hurdles With This Advice

Triumph Over Homeschooling Hurdles With This Advice

Those who have the guts for homeschooling also get the greatest rewards in the end. Their kids will become exceptional adults in time. It’s not a simple endeavor, of course, and help will have to be sought. This article is a great first step towards learning as much as possible.

Make sure you check you state laws in regard to homeschooling. Many states regulate how many hours of classroom work a child must have. While many states offer a set curriculum, in certain cases you may need to compile something yourself. For ease of administration, you should probably hold homeschooling classes at the same time of year that the local school district holds its classes.

When you go on vacation, take your lesson plan with you. Include your vacation in your home classroom so that your kids can truly enjoy their schooling. Have them keep a scrapbook of the event, or take a video which they turn into an amazing family adventure later. Take them to cultural locations and teach them about the area, then have them reenact wars or important historical situations. There is so much to learn around the world, don’t let it pass them by!

Understanding your child’s learning style and educational needs is the key to creating a successful learning environment. For example, many children experience peak learning times in which they are more receptive to new information and more likely to remember it. Identifying this peak learning time allows you to develop an itinerary that is perfectly aligned with your student’s needs.

Homeschooling takes quite a bit of time out of your day. This can make it difficult to keep up with the housework. If hiring someone is not an option, incorporate different tasks into the curriculum. Have younger children match socks by size and color, and teach older children about measurements by cooking.

The Internet is an amazing homeschooling resource. There are numerous resources to be found on the Internet. Many are free, very cheap or require a nominal subscription. Take advantage on any trial offers and weigh each resource on its merits. Homeschooling forums will also offer you unparalleled advice when you are facing challenges with homeschooling.

Friendship is an important part of growing up and should be encouraged. This is especially important to children who are being homeschooled. To help your child develop healthy relationships with others, get them involved in the community. This can be accomplished through volunteering, attending homeschooling cooperatives or even playing sports.

School

Follow the lead of your child regarding homeschooling. While you may be tempted to homeschool your child all the way to graduation, he or she may not feel the same way. As your child gets older, the idea of regular school may become more appealing. Always listen to your child, and take the time to look into all available options.

With this article in hand, you should be able to reach for the stars. The great knowledge you now possess allows you to teach exceptionally and produce great results. As your kids go out on their own, you’ll feel the joy of giving them the best education possible in your home.…

Doing The Right Way

Elements To Assess Before Picking An Appliance Repair Company
An appliance is a machine that is designed to perform a specific task. Although, in some scenarios, the appliances have a habit of having breakdowns. Therefore this is why individuals hire the appliance repair service in order for them to solve the issue. Some of the services provided are refrigerator repair, washer repair, dishwasher repair, dryer repair and washing machine repair. However before hiring ge appliance repair company make sure that you assess some elements.
The appliance repair company must be prompt. Simply anytime a consumer contacts them they must be prompt enough to come. This will assist avoid waste of time. Additionally, they ought to have perfect communication skills. Therefore, the company ought to notify their clients when the technician is on the way. This will provide an opportunity for the client to plan themselves and put everything in order.
Confirm that the service provider is authorized to repair the brand you are utilizing. Through this the appliance repair firm must have agreed with different brands before giving repairing services. This will guarantee you that they are well skilled in repairing the particular brand you are using. Additionally, it can be of help as the repair service could work things out to make certain that the manufacturer you are using does cater some cost.
Verify on the number of technicians available in the appliance repair service provider. This will help guide you to know if the company is reliable. Ensure that you pick an appliance repair service provider that has many technicians. As they can easily do any work presented to them. Similarly this aids in increasing their promptness. Therefore, you will not have to wait for the technician, thus time is saved.
It is advisable that you use a local appliance repair company. So you could make use of the site to check for refrigerator repair near me. It is best to use a local appliance repair service near you because you can easily plan on when the technician can come visit. Therefore, this makes them more consistent to utilize. Additionally, it aids in saving money because the local service does not use a lot of fuel to get to your place.
Confirm that you request for an estimate before the technician comes. Because this will assist make sure that you are aware of the amount you will incur. Also, it will aid you in setting a budget. Make certain that you utilize an experienced appliance service. For the reason that an inexperienced appliance repair technician might just make the problem worse. Last but not least make certain that the appliance repair company is reputable.…